Techniques for planting and caring for dahlia flowers outdoors

The dahlia in us has two varieties of single and double flowers. The single flower variety, which is also of the ancestral nature, has only one wing ring, the color is beautiful, but it has not been seen for a long time. Dual flower varieties are very beautiful, many shapes and colors. Like the wings of a puppet, the petals were torn like a petal, like a honeycomb.

Flowers bloom brilliantly but it is very fragrant. Distinctive characteristics are opposite leaves, with large bulging roots containing stockpile, inedible food. Roots should be horizontal and require good soil, deep, neutral pH. However, there are many varieties like red flags, too many stools, obese trees for poor flowers, lotus petals, lack of feces or less fertilization to prevent flowers from growing and being sick. As with most other seasonal plants, it is necessary to have a proportion of N.P.K that is very balanced, very fond of northern feces, bright and vibrant flower colors.

It is a tuberous plant of the chrysanthemum family, with a diameter of 3 to 10cm, body height of 30 to 50cm. The technique of growing flowers is not available, the time when dahlia flowers bloom from June to September. Dahlia flowers cannot stand the heat of summer and the cold of winter, but only enjoy the coolness of the season. summer.

1. Conditions for planting dahlia flowers outdoors

Pharmacy can adapt to many climates, from cold to hot and humid climates. The bulbs of dahlia have a time to sleep, so in temperate climates, frost can be successfully grown as an ornamental tree for outdoor decoration.

Medicinal herbs like light to avoid the sun, cool summer season they like to grow in the half shade half bright. Pharmacopoeia has the ability to bear cold, drought. Before planting, it is necessary to apply manure and bone meal.

Flowers of dahlia have many varieties including dwarf, medium and high varieties. Flowers have different colors such as lemon yellow, dark yellow, light purple, dark purple, dark brown, white striped brown, purple white spots, red.

2. Breeding flowers and flowers to make ornamental plants outdoors

Propagation of flowers is made of ornamental plants outdoors by seeds, only applied with single flower size, dual flower varieties propagated by buds or buds, axillary buds. About 4 to 5 months when the medicinal plants do not allow the flowers to die, cut off the stem, leave 20 to 30cm, beat the whole tree, put it in a cool place or put the soil into bundles, put in the house.

At the beginning of August, the roots were planted, remembering that if the stem fragments were lost, the roots could not produce well-grown shoots, after 15 to 20 days from the stems, sprouted sprout. Every 12 to 15 days, take scion once and bring it. If the soil is in a high place, leave the whole tree intact, summer requires eao trees to cover it.

In July or 8, the buds were sprouted, and many shoots were removed with 4 to 6 leaves. If the whole stem was removed, the roots of the mother were quickly rooted. Can also cut the tree.

Root digging: the appropriate time is mid-November. After digging up, do not remove the soil, so store it in a place that is not soaked with frost.

3. Take care of the dahlia flower plants which are decorated outdoors during propagation

Preparing mother tree garden: if needing to grow from 15 to 20 hectares of dahlia, there should be 1 ha of mother seed garden to ensure quality and pestilent. In addition to the standards of flower production gardens, the arrangement of the force to select the mother plant must ensure the technical requirements such as tall, airtight, close to the road to facilitate the transportation, preservation of preschool and if there are things It is advisable to build a house covered with nylon to avoid heavy rain, high winds and hot sun.

The selected seedlings were imported, from tissue culture or from sprouts in the garden to produce more strong, healthy, pest-free roots grown at a distance of 15 x 15cm (400,000 plants / ha). After planting from 12 to 15 days, start the first time to plant the branches for many branches and 20 times after the first time to press the tops.

After 2 tops of tops from an original mother tree, 9 to 15 tops can be cut and cutted. This tops also works to create canopies, sprouting plants. After that, every 1 to 15 days, 1 seed is collected. Thus, from 1 tree can give up to 50 to 70 sprouts.

With such a high level of cutting and sprouting in a season of 4 to 6 months, 1 ha of mother trees can provide between 6 and 8 million buds to grow from 15 to 20 hectares.

Preparing the house of cuttings: If conditions permit, use fixed houses with greenhouses, greenhouses with devices to regulate light, wind, temperature and humidity. In addition, people can design simple houses with cheap materials such as curled bamboo bars with arches from n2.2 to 2.5m long, 1.8 to 2m high. covered with 2 layers of nylon to limit light intensity and reduce temperature, limit rain and wind and keep moisture inside.

Choose cuttings, not too old, not too young, have a healthy life with a length of 6 to 8cm, with 3 to 4 green leaves, no pests to bring them. Big branches, leaves are too thin (3 x 3cm = 1,000 branches / m2); small branches, less thick leaves (2.5 x 2.5cm = 1,500 branches / m2); autumn is thicker than summer.

4. Caring for flowers and plants as ornamental plants for outdoor decoration

After 7 to 8 days the seeds will germinate. After 20 to 25 days, seedlings will be transferred to new pots to take care. Dahlia is a light-loving species, so leave the plants outdoors. But when preparing to bud, pay attention to put the tree in the dark, where the temperature is low to make the plants flowering. At the same time watering every morning and evening to create moisture for the soil, avoiding the situation of sunburned trees.

Fertilizer for dahlia is mainly manure and compost. In the process of making the bud, pay attention to adding nutrients to the plants for beautiful flowers.

Pest and disease control: Dahlia flowers are often eaten by leaf worms, leaf rollers and fungi. Leaf spot disease will arise mainly in the rainy season due to humid weather, yellow head spots on the leaves appear, then spread into round brown spots. In this case, you should use Zineb 0.1% water and Boocdo 0.5% to spray.

If the tree rot rots, the main reason is because water is irrigated so much that the soil is too moist. The only way to deal with this situation is to clean the 60 degree alcohol, then replant it.

5. How to control pests for dahlia flowers

Dahlia flower pots are vulnerable to leaf-eating worms, leaf-worms and can be spread by fungi. Leaf spot disease also often occurs in the rainy season, yellow leaves appear on the leaves and spread into brown spots.

You can use Bordeaux 0.5% or Zineb 0.1% to prevent it. For root rot disease mainly due to soil accumulation. After getting rotten, you can use clean 60 degree alcohol and replant it.

Decorated sweet potato plants have yellow leaf disease

Sweet potato is one of the food plants but is also a ornamental tree for indoor decoration, they fit into tubers for processing dishes, just for the leaves to cook soup to cool, just as a tree Our indoor decoration scene. However, sweet potato plants often have yellow leaf disease and this article will show you how to identify and cure sweet potato plants with yellow leaf disease.

Leaf gold is a disease that plants often get, and to treat root disease in the crop in general and sweet potato in particular, we have to know the cause of yellow disease is then find ways to do it. treatment of known causes of sweet potato disease.

1. The cause of yellow leaf disease on sweet potatoes is ornamental ornamental plants

Talking about the cause of yellow leaf disease in sweet potatoes, they have two main causes, the first cause is nutritional deficiencies, the second cause is excess water and lack of light.

Decorated sweet potato plants lack nutrition leading to yellow leaves

All plants need nutrition to be able to grow well enough to reach themselves and cope with the harsh weather. Sweet potato plants need important nutrients in the soil to grow, if our soil is too dry, we need to provide the necessary nutrients for the soil. Most fertilizers for decorative garden plants in the present ingredients have all the necessary nutrients for the development of the crop in general and sweet potato plants for decoration in the garden in particular.

Sweet potato plants have yellow leaves because of excess water

If the drainage system in the garden is not good, the residue of water in the garden will cause the plant to become yellowish, if we do not overcome this problem well, the plants in the garden will turn yellow. Leaf gold in this case, the plant is still stout but suddenly turns to yellow leaves quickly. Just after a day of waterlogged, the sweet potato leaves will quickly turn yellow. We should check the drainage system regularly to solve this problem.

There are also cases where sweet potato plants are yellowed because the plants are not provided with sufficient light. Light is necessary to grow photosynthesis, when lack of light, sweet potato leaves will gradually turn yellow, not only leaves but whole stalks of sweet potatoes will gradually turn yellow, plants will not vitality.

2. How to overcome the yellow leaf situation in sweet potato plants

When we know the cause of yellow leaf in sweet potato, it is easy to overcome them. If yellow leaves because of lack of nutrients, we supply them by adding fertilizer to sweet potato plants. Apply more fertilizer by gently loosening the soil layer on the surface of the sweet potato, then putting fertilizer in and then filling the soil gently, avoiding affecting the root system of the sweet potato plant.

If the sweet potato leaves yellow because of inundation and lack of light, we need to conduct a drainage system, while increasing the intensity of light. This is to increase the photosynthesis intensity of the plant, thereby helping the plant quickly drain the amount of water in the trunk and in the plant’s habitat, improving the cells in the plant that have been destroyed when they are submerged in water.

Leaf yellowing in sweet potato causes the sweet potato plant’s vitality to be reduced and productivity is low. We need to care for and take care of sweet potato plants every day, especially in areas with low fertility and low fertility.

Process of planting and taking care of mangosteen

Mangosteen is a fairly common fruit in countries with a subtropical climate. This fruit is not only delicious, it also has the effect of preventing cancer, anti-inflammatory, healthy skin, strengthening the immune system, protecting the heart, preventing diabetes, helping to lose weight. In this article we will guide you to plant and care for mangosteen.

1. Prepare planting tools and soil

Planting tools

You can take advantage of cement bags, sacks, pots, trays, foam boxes that are available indoors or vacant plots in the garden to grow mangosteen. Note: Perforated bottom of the tray for drainage. Planting tools are over 2m in size.

Land for planting

Mangosteen can grow in many different types of soil but it is best with organic clay, thick cultivation, good drainage and near irrigation water.

Mangosteen is a plant that requires a tropical climate with high temperatures, high humidity, abundant rainfall.

The hole was dug with the size of 0.6 x 0.6 x 0.6, applied to each stem with 5 – 10kg of decomposed animal manure, lime and then dried for 15-20 days before planting to treat pathogens in the soil.

2. Choose varieties and grow mangosteen

Mangosteen can be propagated by grafting or seeding. The grafting method is not highly effective because the seedlings have a great loss rate; Grafted trees produce smaller and smaller fruits than those grown with seeds.

Choose big seeds, weighing over 1g from the dead dead fruits. Rinse the song and sow it into the soil or hatch it. Materials of gourd or cassava are rice husk ash, coconut powder or fine sand mixed with organic fertilizer. Frequently moisturize water, 20-30 days after seed will germinate.

When big trees turn to big pots. Be careful not to damage the roots because mangosteen roots are not hairy and very weak. The tree grows very slowly, averaging 2 months of mangosteen for 1 pair of leaves.

Mangosteen trees have large canopy, canopy is luxuriant, so planting trees spaced 7 – 10m apart. Tissue should be prepared 1-2 months before planting. Round model with a diameter of 0.6 – 0.8m, height 0.3 – 0.5m depending on the terrain is high or low. Tissue soil should be mixed with 10 – 20 kg of manure and 200g of NPK 15-15-15.

When the seedlings are 2 years old, they will be planted. At this time, the trees have 12-13 pairs of leaves and 1 level branch. the tree is not falling. When placing plants, be careful not to damage the roots.

3. Take care

Mangosteen does not tolerate direct sunlight, so it is necessary to shade the tree for the first 4-5 years. Regularly weeding mangosteen.

Mangosteen is a tree with great water demand, especially in the period of seedlings and trees that are bearing fruit because after the flowering (December of the calendar) is a period of no rain. Therefore, it is necessary to water the plants, especially at the stage after flowering and fruit.

When the branches are still small, they need to trim the overturned branches and branches to create a canopy for the balanced tree later. When the tree has left fruit, after harvesting, it is necessary to remove the pest, broken branches and branches.

Note that not too much pruning causes the root to be bare, the sun shining directly on the root will harm the tree. To create canopy for dwarf and round trees, cut tops when trees are 8 – 10m high.

Need to apply 10-20kg of manure / year / tree at the beginning or end of the rainy season. In addition, it is necessary to apply NPK fertilizers with high N content to help plants grow faster. Each amount of fertilizer can be reduced depending on the tree canopy, the growth of the tree, the bigger the amount of fertilizer, the more successful the year of the crop year. If plants grow slowly, increase urea fertilizer.

4. Harvest

About 4 months after the pollination flower can be harvested. Harvest when the shell color turns red, the young autumn when the new shell turns pink then the rice inside; Old autumn when dark purple fruit skin is hard.

These types of plants have health benefits

Tiger tree, aloe vera, ivy, lemon, flowering helps to filter the air, balance the living space, according to Organic Life.

Live plants are easy to plant, easy to care, do not need much watering and place light. This plant has water in the foliage and is effective in air conditioning in the home or office, suitable for growing in airy areas. Place a pot at the desk to add color and freshness.

Lemon tree, tangerine, clay is an ideal choice for indoor cultivation. When the plant flowers, aroma radiant pleasant, cool bar to help you relax. Vitamin C-rich plants also have the ability to absorb moisture, leafy taste, ability to kill bacteria, restrain mosquitoes for the environment around the plant. The plant grows well in a light environment, watering regularly and keeping the soil dry.

White sail can filter out benzene VOC, a highly carcinogenic substance in paint, polishes, wax polishing furniture. This beautiful flower is not only capable of desiccating, but also balancing the air and destroying mold cells in the home. This is one of the few plants that help to filter the air of flowers so it is a good choice to beautify the living space. Note, trees can be toxic to pets, so be careful with it if you have parrots or other pets in the house.

The tiger’s tree is called the bedroom tree, which generates clean O2 gas for the family at night, absorbing CO2, a reversal of the oxygen synthesis of most plant species. The tiger’s tongue grows in low light and requires less water, so it can be placed in many corners of the house, which can be placed next to the printer area, and photocopiers in the office help clean the air. One of the advantages is the appearance of single-leaf, hardwood is also symbolic of the strength, ease of use when used in decoration.

The betel nut, the scientific name is Scindapsus aures, leads the list of plants that release formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and benzene in the air. Plants live longer and grow faster, grow faster. Fresh new living space, should put trees next to the electronic equipment will absorb the radioactive material emitted by computers, televisions, printers.

Aloe Vera, the scientific name for aloe vera, is popular with beauty, food and medicine, but its effective cleaning function is still unknown. In particular, the aloe vera has the ability to display the amount of air pollutant in the air beyond the allowed level through the brown spots on the tree.

Spring ivy, which is listed by NASA experts as the best “filtering” device by air purification, eliminates chemicals from the habitat. This slender, soft plant is very effective in cleaning the air and cooling the space.

How to make organic fertilizer for ornamental plants

Organic fertilizers are fertilizers made from simple materials around our lives, making organic fertilizer not too difficult, simple and easy to find in life.

Organic fertilizer from rice water

Rice water contains many nutrients necessary for the development of plants in general and ornamental plants grown indoors or outdoors in particular, to make organic fertilizer from rice water we do not need to spend too much time. as well as money. We only need to take water to put rice into the pot, leave after 2 to 3 days then apply fertilizer to the plant. The amount of microorganisms present in the water to fill the rice after we have annealed will stimulate the plant to absorb the surrounding nutrients.

Organic fertilizer from the tree

The plants we prune, for the soft plants, we can bring fertilizer to the plant. This does not require much knowledge nor does it require a lot of time. We just need to take the software of the tree, put it into a heap, then take a cover of the soil. After some time, this time can not be measured by a specific date, because each plant has a different decay process. After seeing all the decomposed trees, we bring them fertilizer for the crops.

Fertilizer from banana peel

Banana peel is an essential fertilizer for many garden plants, because it contains a lot of phosphorus and potassium – important nutrients for plant growth. For plants living in small spaces such as pots, banana peels directly will cause root rot. Therefore, banana peel should be prepared by grinding with a pinch of salt (or rice water) and some egg shells to add calcium to the plant. This mixture produces fine, fine-grain fertilizer. People bring them to the ground and leave the land for about a week.

This is a fertilizer that provides nutrients to the plant so only a moderate amount should be used throughout the season, should not be used too much.

Making organic fertilizers for plants is not too difficult, in life we ​​easily meet the main raw materials to make two types of organic fertilizer mentioned above.

Decorative vines

The use of vines to decorate the external environment helps to make some places in our house more beautiful, closer to nature, in this article we will guide you to choose the location of vines, how to care for vines.

Location of vines

Vines are not like trees or other grassy plants, they need space to grow and space has to be planted. So we should choose places like balconies, windows, eaves to plant trees. These positions not only help the tree to hold in place but when the tree has grown and flowering will make our house more romantic, beautiful.

How to care for vines

Water for vines

Most vines are trees that need not too much water nor too little to grow, so we should prepare mounds higher than the ground where we intend to plant. This helps the tree not get flooded, root rot. The water we supply daily does not need too much, if prepared mounds are good then we just water until the soil above is wet.

Fertilize the plants

Fertilization for vines is not the same as the tree is based on the cover of the foliage to know the cover of the roots. Here we do not apply this rule. We fertilize the tree by digging a layer of soil and then adding fertilizer, then fill the soil.

Advantages of vines, summer sunflowers

Vines, fast growing hoaleo for beautiful flowers always get the most attention and favor. At present, Thang Long bonsai has a diverse collection of beautiful climbing flowers with a full range of aromatic colors, and they grow very fast and stable over many years, with many varieties and sizes. The prices are different so that you can choose to suit the needs of planting and decorating your garden.

Many people worry that the vines can damage the wall quickly, affecting the waterproofing outside the building. Understanding the characteristics of climbing trees we have studied many ways to suit each terrain, waterproof, easy to install, low cost.

Choosing the location and care of the vines is not too difficult, but we need to comply with what we have outlined above.

Trees used as decorative trees for the house

Many people decorate the facade of the house with beautiful trees, beautiful trees will enhance the beauty of the house, bring the house closer to nature. We should choose small but long-lived timbers that live in extreme weather conditions, trees that are easy to shape.

Small trees have a long life expectancy

Typically, pine, cypress or pine. These trees are small leafy trees and live in harsh environments. The main thing is that the trees are less developed, so they are suitable for decorating house facades.

The tree is easy to shape

To create beautiful plants, we need to choose trees that are flexible and flexible to our liking, besides, we need to be diligent in every way we can. have been in a short time.

Here we present how to choose and use trees decorated the front of the house. For the façade we should be mindful not only of bonsai but also of the whole of our facade.

The trees are decorated outdoors

Outdoor decorative trees are fed by our fathers or we can domesticate these trees by putting the trees or wild plants in their garden. The shade tree shades the shade, shielding the unwanted light, masking the wind, adding to the ancient splendor of the house.

Tree trunks decorated with flowers

The tree decorating the house with flowers is a plant that can give seasonal flowers, such as sesame tree, in addition there are also species that can give red leaves are very nice, like maple Red leaf.

Wood for shade and block unwanted wind

Shade trees are often thick-leaved in the sunny season, especially in tropical climates. We should choose the trees for the big and thick leaves, so that when the leaves fall leaves we easily clean the garden.

Trees with large and thick leaves can also be used to cover undesirable winds, such as the southwestern winds in Vietnam, which carry the heat. So when we use trees to shield less, the air flow into the home will calm down.

Trees add to the ancient splendor of the house

Classic-style houses, often with rough woods, add to the classic look of the house, so we choose the perennial timbers to get the chunky pieces of the tree.

The tree reduces the defects of the house

The house we have more or less defects that we need to cover it, so we will use the tree, shading sun shade and less defects of it. Should choose the angle of view of the house to choose the right tree, large angle defects using large trees, small defects, we use small trees.

In this article we synthesize the functions of outdoor decorative plants. Hope the knowledge we provide will help you in choosing the house decoration trees in general and trees in particular.